The Drug Chemistry Section is responsible for identifying substances scheduled by Ohio Revised Code section 3719. Using analytical techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, the section routinely analyzes more than 10,000 submissions a year.
The Drug Chemistry Section conducts qualitative analyses on suspected drugs of abuse using both a presumptive analytical technique to determine the likely identity of a substance and a confirmatory technique such as infrared spectroscopy or mass spectrometry to conclusively determine the identity of an unknown compound. Results are only reported for compounds that both presumptively and confirmatively test positive. ... Read more
The drugs of abuse tested by the Drug Chemistry Section can belong to the following classes of drugs:
NOTE: The list of compounds above is not an all-inclusive list of the compounds that are identified by the Drug Chemistry section. Questions about specific drugs should be forwarded to the laboratory.
All reported results from the Drug Chemistry Section will indicate the identity, the weight, and the Ohio Revised Code schedule of the compound. When applicable, the dosage of the pharmaceutical product will be reported. ... Read more
All testing methods used by the Drug Chemistry Section meet the standards established by the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board.
The Ohio State Highway Patrol Drug Chemistry Section utilizes Best Evidence Selected for Testing (BEST) for internal customers only. BEST allows the analysis of the highest penalty item in a case, excludes the lower penalty items, and reduces the turnaround time. If BEST is used on a case, the report will indicate that this selection technique was utilized. If testing is needed on the excluded items, an email should be sent to the laboratory. The excluded items will be tested upon receipt of the email.
Certain submissions have special considerations. Please package items properly to ensure the item will be accepted for testing. ... Read more
Items not properly sealed will need to be corrected before they are accepted and logged into the laboratory.
The Toxicology Section provides laboratory analyses of biological specimens (urine, blood, serum and vitreous humor) to determine the presence of both alcohol and drugs. The laboratory findings can then be used to assist law enforcement and legal communities to explain impairment and/or human performance associated with arrests, crashes and fatalities. The Toxicology Section currently receives and completes in excess of 10,000 cases annually.
The Toxicology Section conducts both qualitative and quantitative analyses utilizing immunoassay instrumentation, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. All prohibited compounds shall be reported quantitatively. All non-prohibited compounds in urine shall be reported qualitatively. ... Read more
Qualitative Analysis: Two (2) dissimilar tests, a presumptive test and a confirmation test, are conducted to conclude the presence or absence of the drugs included in the laboratory’s test menu. The laboratory report will reflect the presence of a drug as Positive. (ex. Tramadol Positive) Positive findings are reported ONLY if both dissimilar tests conducted support the same conclusion.
Quantitative Analysis: Two (2) dissimilar tests, a presumptive test and a confirmation test, are conducted to conclude the presence or absence of the drugs included in the laboratory’s test menu. Positive results are quantitatively measured to reflect the amount of drug present. The laboratory report will reflect the name of the drug present and the amount of drug present. A calculated range of uncertainty will accompany all quantitative results. (ex. Cocaine 535.20 ng/mL +/- 37.46 ng/mL). Positive findings are reported ONLY if both dissimilar tests conducted support the same conclusion.
The test menu for this laboratory includes both therapeutic drugs and drugs of abuse. Some of the included drugs and drug classes are:
The laboratory routinely conducts quantitative analyses for the presence of ethanol (drinking alcohol) within biological specimens utilizing headspace gas chromatography. Non-biological specimens such as beverages may be analyzed for the presence of ethanol as well.
This laboratory follows strict guidelines and validated methods to produce legally defensible results for all analyses conducted. The methods utilized meet the standards established by the American Society of Crime Lab Directors/ Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB), as well as the guidelines set forth in the Ohio Administrative Code.
This laboratory does not currently have the methodology to conduct testing for the following in biological specimens:
Samples requiring these types of analyses should not be sent to this laboratory.
If possible, submit both urine and blood; both have advantages. ... Read more
Biological Specimen Packaging
Label Requirements (OAC 3701-53-05)
Ohio State Highway Patrol Crime Laboratory
1583 Alum Creek Drive
Columbus, Ohio 43209
Fax (614) 728-0451
The Ohio State Highway Patrol Crime Laboratory obtained accreditation through the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB) Legacy Program in 2008. On April 10, 2013, the laboratory obtained accreditation through the ASCLD/LAB - ISO/IEC 17025:2005. To maintain accreditation from ASCLD/LAB, the Laboratory is audited annually and undergoes a full, on-site inspection every four years.
Call #677 or click HERE to email.
Physical Location & Certified Mail Address
Ohio State Highway Patrol
1970 West Broad Street
Columbus, Ohio 43223
Ohio State Highway Patrol
PO Box 182074
Columbus, Ohio 43218-2074
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